How to convert an ArrayList object to a String[] array in Java?

List<String> list = ..;
String[] array = list.toArray(new String[0]);

For example:

List<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();
//add some stuff
list.add("android");
list.add("apple");
String[] stringArray = list.toArray(new String[0]);

The toArray() method without passing any argument returns Object[]. So you have to pass an array as an argument, which will be filled with the data from the list and returned. You can pass an empty array as well, but you can also pass an array with the desired size.

Important update: Originally the code above used new String[list.size()]. However, due to JVM optimizations, using new String[0] is better now.

How to convert an ArrayList to a String array in Java?

You can use the toArray() method for List:

ArrayList<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();

list.add("apple");
list.add("banana");

String[] array = list.toArray(new String[list.size()]);

Or you can manually add the elements to an array:

ArrayList<String> list = new ArrayList<String>();

list.add("apple");
list.add("banana");

String[] array = new String[list.size()];

for (int i = 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
    array[i] = list.get(i);
}

Hope this helps!

Answer #3:

An alternative in Java 8:

String[] strings = list.stream().toArray(String[]::new);

Java 11+:

String[] strings = list.toArray(String[]::new);

Answer #4:

Starting from Java-11, one can use the API Collection.toArray(IntFunction<T[]> generator) to achieve the same as:

List<String> list = List.of("x","y","z");
String[] arrayBeforeJDK11 = list.toArray(new String[0]);
String[] arrayAfterJDK11 = list.toArray(String[]::new); // similar to Stream.toArray

Answer #5:

If your application is already using Apache Commons lib, you can slightly modify the accepted answer to not create a new empty array each time:

List<String> list = ..;
String[] array = list.toArray(ArrayUtils.EMPTY_STRING_ARRAY);

// or if using static import
String[] array = list.toArray(EMPTY_STRING_ARRAY);

There are a few more preallocated empty arrays of different types in ArrayUtils.

Also we can trick JVM to create en empty array for us this way:

String[] array = list.toArray(ArrayUtils.toArray());

// or if using static import
String[] array = list.toArray(toArray());

But there’s really no advantage this way, just a matter of taste, IMO.

Answer #6:

Generics solution to covert any List<Type> to String []:

public static  <T> String[] listToArray(List<T> list) {
    String [] array = new String[list.size()];
    for (int i = 0; i < array.length; i++)
        array[i] = list.get(i).toString();
    return array;
}

Note You must override toString() method.

class Car {
  private String name;
  public Car(String name) {
    this.name = name;
  }
  public String toString() {
    return name;
  }
}
final List<Car> carList = new ArrayList<Car>();
carList.add(new Car("BMW"))
carList.add(new Car("Mercedes"))
carList.add(new Car("Skoda"))
final String[] carArray = listToArray(carList);

Hope you learned something from this post. The primary source of this article is StackOverflow.

Follow Programming Articles for more!

About ᴾᴿᴼᵍʳᵃᵐᵐᵉʳ

Linux and Python enthusiast, in love with open source since 2014, Writer at programming-articles.com, India.

View all posts by ᴾᴿᴼᵍʳᵃᵐᵐᵉʳ →