How to display PHP errors? [Answered]

Problem:

I have checked my PHP ini file (php.ini) and display_errors is set and also error reporting is E_ALL. I have restarted my Apache webserver.

I have even put these lines at the top of my script, and it doesn’t even catch simple parse errors. For example, I declare variables with a "$" and I don’t close statements";". But all my scripts show a blank page on these errors, but I want to actually see the errors in my browser output.

error_reporting(E_ALL);
ini_set('display_errors', 1);

What is left to do?

Go through all the answers for better understanding as I’ve a note at the end for you. As most of the answers are not supported now.

How to display PHP errors? Answer #1:

This always works for me:

ini_set('display_errors', '1');
ini_set('display_startup_errors', '1');
error_reporting(E_ALL);

However, this doesn’t make PHP to show parse errors – the only way to show those errors is to modify your php.ini with this line:

display_errors = on

(if you don’t have access to php.ini, then putting this line in .htaccess might work too):

php_flag display_errors 1

How do I get PHP errors to display? Answer #2:

You can’t catch parse errors when enabling error output at runtime, because it parses the file before actually executing anything (and since it encounters an error during this, it won’t execute anything). You’ll need to change the actual server configuration so that display_errors is on and the appropriate error_reporting level is used. If you don’t have access to php.ini, you may be able to use .htaccess or similar, depending on the server.

How to display PHP errors? Answer #3:

Inside your php.ini:

display_errors = on

Then restart your web server.

How to display PHP errors? Answer #4-11:

Answer #4:

To display all errors you need to:

1. Have these lines in the PHP script you’re calling from the browser (typically index.php):

error_reporting(E_ALL);
ini_set('display_errors', '1');

2.(a) Make sure that this script has no syntax errors

—or—

2.(b) Set display_errors = On in your php.ini

Otherwise, it can’t even run those 2 lines!

You can check for syntax errors in your script by running (at the command line):

php -l index.php

If you include the script from another PHP script then it will display syntax errors in the included script. For example:

index.php

error_reporting(E_ALL);
ini_set('display_errors', '1');

// Any syntax errors here will result in a blank screen in the browser

include 'my_script.php';

my_script.php

adjfkj // This syntax error will be displayed in the browser

Answer #5:

Some web hosting providers allow you to change PHP parameters in the .htaccess file.

You can add the following line:

php_value display_errors 1

I had the same issue as yours and this solution fixed it.

Answer #6:

You might find all of the settings for “error reporting” or “display errors” do not appear to work in PHP 7. That is because error handling has changed. Try this instead:

try{
     // Your code
} 
catch(Error $e) {
    $trace = $e->getTrace();
    echo $e->getMessage().' in '.$e->getFile().' on line '.$e->getLine().' called from '.$trace[0]['file'].' on line '.$trace[0]['line'];
}

Or, to catch exceptions and errors in one go (this is not backward compatible with PHP 5):

try{
     // Your code
} 
catch(Throwable $e) {
    $trace = $e->getTrace();
    echo $e->getMessage().' in '.$e->getFile().' on line '.$e->getLine().' called from '.$trace[0]['file'].' on line '.$trace[0]['line'];
}

Answer #7:

This will work:

<?php
     error_reporting(E_ALL);
     ini_set('display_errors', 1);    
?>

Answer #8:

Use:

ini_set('display_errors', 1);
ini_set('display_startup_errors', 1);
error_reporting(E_ALL);

This is the best way to write it, but a syntax error gives blank output, so use the console to check for syntax errors. The best way to debug PHP code is to use the console; run the following:

php -l phpfilename.php

Answer #9:

Set this in your index.php file:

ini_set('display_errors', 1);
ini_set('display_startup_errors', 1);
error_reporting(E_ALL);

Answer #10:

Create a file called php.ini in the folder where your PHP file resides.

Inside php.ini add the following code (I am giving an simple error showing code):

display_errors = on

display_startup_errors = on

Answer #11:

As we are now running PHP 7, the answers given here are not correct anymore, but I’ve compiled them just so you also know what you might have to avoid now. The only one still OK is the one where we’re talking about PHP 7.

On the other side, rather than trying to catch errors with a try/catch you can use a trick: use include.

Here three pieces of code:

File: tst1.php

<?php
    error_reporting(E_ALL);
    ini_set('display_errors', 'On');
    // Missing " and ;
    echo "Testing
?>

Running this in PHP 7 will show nothing.

Now, try this:

File: tst2.php

<?php
    error_reporting(E_ALL);
    ini_set('display_errors', 'On');
    include ("tst3.php");
?>

File: tst3.php

<?php
    // Missing " and ;
    echo "Testing
?>

Now run tst2 which sets the error reporting, and then include tst3. You will see:

Parse error: syntax error, unexpected end of file, expecting variable (T_VARIABLE) or ${ (T_DOLLAR_OPEN_CURLY_BRACES) or {$ (T_CURLY_OPEN) in tst3.php on line 4

I hope you’ve got your answer now.

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Linux and Python enthusiast, in love with open source since 2014, Writer at programming-articles.com, India.

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