How to print an array in Java? [Answered]

In this article, I’ll share the simplest ways to print an array in Java.

Sample problem:

In Java, arrays don’t override toString(), so if you try to print one directly, you get the className + ‘@’ + the hex of the hashCode of the array, as defined by Object.toString():

int[] intArray = new int[] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
System.out.println(intArray);     // prints something like '[[email protected]'

But usually, we’d actually want something more like [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. What’s the simplest way of doing that? Here are some example inputs and outputs:

// Array of primitives:
int[] intArray = new int[] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
//output: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

// Array of object references:
String[] strArray = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};
//output: [John, Mary, Bob]

How to print an array in Java? Answer #1:

Since Java 5 you can use Arrays.toString(arr) or Arrays.deepToString(arr) for arrays within arrays. Note that the Object[] version calls .toString() on each object in the array. The output is even decorated in the exact way you’re asking.

Examples:

  • Simple Array:String[] array = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"}; System.out.println(Arrays.toString(array)); Output:[John, Mary, Bob]
  • Nested Array:String[][] deepArray = new String[][] {{"John", "Mary"}, {"Alice", "Bob"}}; System.out.println(Arrays.toString(deepArray)); //output: [[Ljava.lang.String;@106d69c, [Ljava.lang.String;@52e922] System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(deepArray)); Output:[[John, Mary], [Alice, Bob]]
  • double Array:double[] doubleArray = { 7.0, 9.0, 5.0, 1.0, 3.0 }; System.out.println(Arrays.toString(doubleArray)); Output:[7.0, 9.0, 5.0, 1.0, 3.0 ]
  • int Array:int[] intArray = { 7, 9, 5, 1, 3 }; System.out.println(Arrays.toString(intArray)); Output:[7, 9, 5, 1, 3 ]

What’s the simplest way to print a Java array? Answer #2:

Always check the standard libraries first.

import java.util.Arrays;

Then try:

System.out.println(Arrays.toString(array));

or if your array contains other arrays as elements:

System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(array));

Answer #3:

This is nice to know, however, as for “always check the standard libraries first” I’d never have stumbled upon the trick of Arrays.toString( myarray )

–since I was concentrating on the type of myarray to see how to do this. I didn’t want to have to iterate through the thing: I wanted an easy call to make it come out similar to what I see in the Eclipse debugger and myarray.toString() just wasn’t doing it.

import java.util.Arrays;
.
.
.
System.out.println( Arrays.toString( myarray ) );

Answer #4:

In JDK1.8 you can use aggregate operations and a lambda expression:

String[] strArray = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};

// #1
Arrays.asList(strArray).stream().forEach(s -> System.out.println(s));

// #2
Stream.of(strArray).forEach(System.out::println);

// #3
Arrays.stream(strArray).forEach(System.out::println);

/* output:
John
Mary
Bob
*/

Answer #5:

Prior to Java 8

We could have used Arrays.toString(array) to print one dimensional array and Arrays.deepToString(array) for multi-dimensional arrays.

Java 8

Now we have got the option of Stream and lambda to print the array.

Printing One dimensional Array:

public static void main(String[] args) {
    int[] intArray = new int[] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
    String[] strArray = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};

    //Prior to Java 8
    System.out.println(Arrays.toString(intArray));
    System.out.println(Arrays.toString(strArray));

    // In Java 8 we have lambda expressions
    Arrays.stream(intArray).forEach(System.out::println);
    Arrays.stream(strArray).forEach(System.out::println);
}

The output is:

[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[John, Mary, Bob]
1
2
3
4
5
John
Mary
Bob

Printing Multi-dimensional Array Just in case we want to print multi-dimensional array we can use Arrays.deepToString(array) as:

public static void main(String[] args) {
    int[][] int2DArray = new int[][] { {11, 12}, { 21, 22}, {31, 32, 33} };
    String[][] str2DArray = new String[][]{ {"John", "Bravo"} , {"Mary", "Lee"}, {"Bob", "Johnson"} };

    //Prior to Java 8
    System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(int2DArray));
    System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(str2DArray));

    // In Java 8 we have lambda expressions
    Arrays.stream(int2DArray).flatMapToInt(x -> Arrays.stream(x)).forEach(System.out::println);
    Arrays.stream(str2DArray).flatMap(x -> Arrays.stream(x)).forEach(System.out::println);
} 

Now the point to observe is that the method Arrays.stream(T[]), which in case of int[] returns us Stream<int[]> and then method flatMapToInt() maps each element of stream with the contents of a mapped stream produced by applying the provided mapping function to each element.

The output is:

[[11, 12], [21, 22], [31, 32, 33]]
[[John, Bravo], [Mary, Lee], [Bob, Johnson]]
11
12
21
22
31
32
33
John
Bravo
Mary
Lee
Bob
Johnson

Answer #6:

If you’re using Java 1.4, you can instead do:

System.out.println(Arrays.asList(array));

(This works in 1.5+ too, of course.)

Answer #7:

Arrays.toString

As a direct answer, the solution provided by several, including @Esko, using the Arrays.toString and Arrays.deepToString methods, is simply the best.

Java 8 – Stream.collect(joining()), Stream.forEach

Below I try to list some of the other methods suggested, attempting to improve a little, with the most notable addition being the use of the Stream.collect operator, using a joining Collector, to mimic what the String.join is doing.

int[] ints = new int[] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
System.out.println(IntStream.of(ints).mapToObj(Integer::toString).collect(Collectors.joining(", ")));
System.out.println(IntStream.of(ints).boxed().map(Object::toString).collect(Collectors.joining(", ")));
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(ints));

String[] strs = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};
System.out.println(Stream.of(strs).collect(Collectors.joining(", ")));
System.out.println(String.join(", ", strs));
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(strs));

DayOfWeek [] days = { FRIDAY, MONDAY, TUESDAY };
System.out.println(Stream.of(days).map(Object::toString).collect(Collectors.joining(", ")));
System.out.println(Arrays.toString(days));

// These options are not the same as each item is printed on a new line:
IntStream.of(ints).forEach(System.out::println);
Stream.of(strs).forEach(System.out::println);
Stream.of(days).forEach(System.out::println);

Answer #8:

Arrays.deepToString(arr) only prints on one line.

int[][] table = new int[2][2];

To actually get a table to print as a two dimensional table, I had to do this:

System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(table).replaceAll("],", "]," + System.getProperty("line.separator")));

It seems like the Arrays.deepToString(arr) method should take a separator string, but unfortunately it doesn’t.

Answer #9:

Different Ways to Print Arrays in Java:

  1. Simple WayList<String> list = new ArrayList<String>(); list.add("One"); list.add("Two"); list.add("Three"); list.add("Four"); // Print the list in console System.out.println(list);

Output: [One, Two, Three, Four]

  1. Using toString()String[] array = new String[] { "One", "Two", "Three", "Four" }; System.out.println(Arrays.toString(array));

Output: [One, Two, Three, Four]

  1. Printing Array of ArraysString[] arr1 = new String[] { "Fifth", "Sixth" }; String[] arr2 = new String[] { "Seventh", "Eight" }; String[][] arrayOfArray = new String[][] { arr1, arr2 }; System.out.println(arrayOfArray); System.out.println(Arrays.toString(arrayOfArray)); System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(arrayOfArray));

Output: [[Ljava.lang.String;@1ad086a [[Ljava.lang.String;@10385c1, [Ljava.lang.String;@42719c] [[Fifth, Sixth], [Seventh, Eighth]]

Resource: Access An Array

How to print an array in Java- Answer #10:

It should always work whichever JDK version you use:

System.out.println(Arrays.asList(array));

It will work if the Array contains Objects. If the Array contains primitive types, you can use wrapper classes instead storing the primitive directly as..

Example:

int[] a = new int[]{1,2,3,4,5};

Replace it with:

Integer[] a = new Integer[]{1,2,3,4,5};

Update :

Yes ! this is to be mention that converting an array to an object array OR to use the Object’s array is costly and may slow the execution. it happens by the nature of java called autoboxing.

So only for printing purpose, It should not be used. we can make a function which takes an array as parameter and prints the desired format as

public void printArray(int [] a){
        //write printing code
} 

Answer #11:

There Are Following way to print Array

 // 1) toString()  
    int[] arrayInt = new int[] {10, 20, 30, 40, 50};  
    System.out.println(Arrays.toString(arrayInt));

// 2 for loop()
    for (int number : arrayInt) {
        System.out.println(number);
    }

// 3 for each()
    for(int x: arrayInt){
         System.out.println(x);
     }

Hope you learned something from this post.

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