How to return pivot table output in MySQL? [Answered]

Sample problem:

If I have a MySQL table looking something like this:

company_name    action  pagecount
-------------------------------
Company A       PRINT   3
Company A       PRINT   2
Company A       PRINT   3
Company B       EMAIL   
Company B       PRINT   2
Company B       PRINT   2
Company B       PRINT   1
Company A       PRINT   3

Is it possible to run a MySQL query to get output like this:

company_name    EMAIL   PRINT 1 pages   PRINT 2 pages   PRINT 3 pages
-------------------------------------------------------------
CompanyA        0       0               1               3
CompanyB        1       1               2               0

The idea is that pagecount can vary so the output column amount should reflect that, one column for each action/pagecount pair and then the number of hits per company_name. I’m not sure if this is called a pivot table but someone suggested that?

How can I return pivot table output in MySQL? Answer #1:

This basically is a pivot table.

I advise reading this post and adapt this solution to your needs.

Update

After the link above is currently not available any longer I feel obliged to provide some additional information for all of you searching for mysql pivot answers in here. It really had a vast amount of information, and I won’t put everything from there in here (even more since I just don’t want to copy their vast knowledge), but I’ll give some advice on how to deal with pivot tables the sql way generally with the example from peku who asked the question in the first place.

Maybe the link comes back soon, I’ll keep an eye out for it.

The spreadsheet way…

Many people just use a tool like MSExcel, OpenOffice or other spreadsheet-tools for this purpose. This is a valid solution, just copy the data over there and use the tools the GUI offer to solve this.

But… this wasn’t the question, and it might even lead to some disadvantages, like how to get the data into the spreadsheet, problematic scaling and so on.

The SQL way…

Given his table looks something like this:

CREATE TABLE `test_pivot` (
  `pid` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `company_name` varchar(32) DEFAULT NULL,
  `action` varchar(16) DEFAULT NULL,
  `pagecount` bigint(20) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`pid`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM;

Now look into his/her desired table:

company_name    EMAIL   PRINT 1 pages   PRINT 2 pages   PRINT 3 pages
-------------------------------------------------------------
CompanyA        0       0               1               3
CompanyB        1       1               2               0

The rows (EMAILPRINT x pages) resemble conditions. The main grouping is by company_name.

In order to set up the conditions this rather shouts for using the CASE-statement. In order to group by something, well, use … GROUP BY.

The basic SQL providing this pivot can look something like this:

SELECT  P.`company_name`,
    COUNT(
        CASE 
            WHEN P.`action`='EMAIL' 
            THEN 1 
            ELSE NULL 
        END
    ) AS 'EMAIL',
    COUNT(
        CASE 
            WHEN P.`action`='PRINT' AND P.`pagecount` = '1' 
            THEN P.`pagecount` 
            ELSE NULL 
        END
    ) AS 'PRINT 1 pages',
    COUNT(
        CASE 
            WHEN P.`action`='PRINT' AND P.`pagecount` = '2' 
            THEN P.`pagecount` 
            ELSE NULL 
        END
    ) AS 'PRINT 2 pages',
    COUNT(
        CASE 
            WHEN P.`action`='PRINT' AND P.`pagecount` = '3' 
            THEN P.`pagecount` 
            ELSE NULL 
        END
    ) AS 'PRINT 3 pages'
FROM    test_pivot P
GROUP BY P.`company_name`;

This should provide the desired result very fast. The major downside for this approach, the more rows you want in your pivot table, the more conditions you need to define in your SQL statement.

This can be dealt with, too, therefore people tend to use prepared statements, routines, counters and such.

Answer #2:

My solution is in T-SQL without any pivots:

SELECT
    CompanyName,  
    SUM(CASE WHEN (action='EMAIL') THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS Email,
    SUM(CASE WHEN (action='PRINT' AND pagecount=1) THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS Print1Pages,
    SUM(CASE WHEN (action='PRINT' AND pagecount=2) THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS Print2Pages,
    SUM(CASE WHEN (action='PRINT' AND pagecount=3) THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) AS Print3Pages
FROM 
    Company
GROUP BY 
    CompanyName

Answer #3:

For MySQL you can directly put conditions in SUM() function and it will be evaluated as Boolean 0 or 1 and thus you can have your count based on your criteria without using IF/CASE statements

SELECT
    company_name,  
    SUM(action = 'EMAIL')AS Email,
    SUM(action = 'PRINT' AND pagecount = 1)AS Print1Pages,
    SUM(action = 'PRINT' AND pagecount = 2)AS Print2Pages,
    SUM(action = 'PRINT' AND pagecount = 3)AS Print3Pages
FROM t
GROUP BY company_name

Answer #4:

For dynamic pivot, use GROUP_CONCAT with CONCAT. The GROUP_CONCAT function concatenates strings from a group into one string with various options.

SET @sql = NULL;
SELECT
    GROUP_CONCAT(DISTINCT
    CONCAT(
      'SUM(CASE WHEN action = "',
      action,'"  AND ', 
           (CASE WHEN pagecount IS NOT NULL 
           THEN CONCAT("pagecount = ",pagecount) 
           ELSE pagecount IS NULL END),
      ' THEN 1 ELSE 0 end) AS ',
      action, IFNULL(pagecount,'')

    )
  )
INTO @sql
FROM
  t;

SET @sql = CONCAT('SELECT company_name, ', @sql, ' 
                  FROM t 
                   GROUP BY company_name');

PREPARE stmt FROM @sql;
EXECUTE stmt;
DEALLOCATE PREPARE stmt;

Answer #5:

Correct answer is:

select table_record_id,
group_concat(if(value_name='note', value_text, NULL)) as note
,group_concat(if(value_name='hire_date', value_text, NULL)) as hire_date
,group_concat(if(value_name='termination_date', value_text, NULL)) as termination_date
,group_concat(if(value_name='department', value_text, NULL)) as department
,group_concat(if(value_name='reporting_to', value_text, NULL)) as reporting_to
,group_concat(if(value_name='shift_start_time', value_text, NULL)) as shift_start_time
,group_concat(if(value_name='shift_end_time', value_text, NULL)) as shift_end_time
from other_value
where table_name = 'employee'
and is_active = 'y'
and is_deleted = 'n'
GROUP BY table_record_id

Answer #6:

One option would be combining use of CASE..WHEN statement is redundant within an aggregation for MySQL Database, and considering the needed query generation dynamically along with getting proper column title for the result set as in the following code block :

SET @sql = NULL;

SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(
             CONCAT('SUM( `action` = ''', action, '''',pc0,' ) AS ',action,pc1)
       )
  INTO @sql
  FROM 
  ( 
   SELECT DISTINCT `action`, 
          IF(`pagecount` IS NULL,'',CONCAT('page',`pagecount`)) AS pc1,
          IF(`pagecount` IS NULL,'',CONCAT(' AND `pagecount` = ', pagecount, '')) AS pc0
     FROM `tab` 
    ORDER BY CONCAT(action,pc0) 
  ) t;

SET @sql = CONCAT('SELECT company_name,',@sql,' FROM `tab` GROUP BY company_name'); 
SELECT @sql; 

PREPARE stmt FROM @sql;
EXECUTE stmt;
DEALLOCATE PREPARE stmt;

Hope you learned something from this post.

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