Substring in Golang

What is a substring?

A substring is a collection of characters included inside a larger string set. Most of the time, you’ll need to extract a portion of a string to preserve it for later use.

This article will show us how to extract substrings with different methods in Golang.

How to extract a substring in Golang?

This is the simple one to perform substring in Go

package main

import "fmt"

var p = fmt.Println

func main() {

  value := "address;bar"

  // Take substring from index 2 to length of string
  substring := value[2:len(value)]


How to get a single character from a string in Golang?

You can extract a single character from a string in Golang using indexing.

Interpreted string literals are character sequences between double quotes “” using the (possibly multi-byte) UTF-8 encoding of individual characters. In UTF-8, ASCII characters are single-byte corresponding to the first 128 Unicode characters. Strings behave like slices of bytes. A rune is an integer value identifying a Unicode code point. Therefore,

package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
    fmt.Println(string("Hello"[1]))              // ASCII only
    fmt.Println(string([]rune("Hello, 世界")[1])) // UTF-8
    fmt.Println(string([]rune("Hello, 世界")[8])) // UTF-8



Slicing a string in Golang using indexes

The most known form of slice expression is:


Indices low and high must be integers. They specify which elements of the operand (input) are placed inside the resulting slice or string. The result contains operand’s elements starting at low (inclusively) up to high (exclusively). An operand is either string, array, a pointer to array, or slice:

fmt.Println("foobar"[1:3]) // "oo"
numbers := [5]int{1, 2, 3, 4, 5}
fmt.Println(numbers[1:3]) // [2, 3]

Length of the the result is high — low

Indices low or high can be omitted. Default values are then used. For low it’s 0 and for high it’s the length of the operand:

fmt.Println("foo"[:2]) // "fo"
fmt.Println("foo"[1:]) // "oo"
fmt.Println("foo"[:]) // "foo"

How to split a string in Golang using the split method?

The Split() method​ in Golang (defined in the strings library) breaks a string down into a list of substrings using a specified separator. The method returns the substrings in the form of a slice.


This is how the function is defined in Golang:

func Split(str, sep string) []string
  • str is the string to be split.
  • The string splits at the specified separator, sep. If an empty string is provided as the separator, then the string is split at every character.


The following code snippet shows how the Split method is used:

package main
import "fmt"
import "strings" // Needed to use Split

func main() {
    str := "hi, this is, Programming articles" 
    split := strings.Split(str, ",")
    fmt.Println("The length of the slice is:", len(split))

How to check if a string is a substring in golang?

Golang String Contains() is a built-in function that checks whether substr is within the string. The Contains() function accepts two arguments and returns the boolean value, either true or false.

To use Contains() function in Go, import the strings package and then call the contains() method and pass the two parameters in which one is a source string and the second is the substring, which we need to check against the main string.


func Contains(s, substr string) bool


The first parameter is a source string, and the second parameter is the substring, which we have to check against the main string to see if it contains.

Return Value

The strings.Contains() method returns the boolean value true or false.

How to implement String Contains() method in Golang- Example

See the following code.

// hello.go

package main

import (

func main() {
    fmt.Println(strings.Contains("MichaelJackson", "Michael"))
    fmt.Println(strings.Contains("MillieBobbyBrown", "Bobby"))
    fmt.Println(strings.Contains("AudreyGraham", "Drake"))
    fmt.Println(strings.Contains("Jennifer Lopez", "JLo"))


go run hello.go

With Contains, we search one string for a specified substring. Then, we see if the string is found.

In the above example, the substring appears in the main string in the first two test cases. That is why it returns true.

The source string does not contain the substring in the last two test cases. That is why it returns false.

We search for characters with other string functions like the ContainsAny() function. If any set of characters is found in the string, ContainsAny will return true.

Hope you learned something from this post.

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