What is the best way to conditionally apply a class in AngularJS?

If you don’t want to put CSS class names into Controller like I do, here is an old trick that I use since pre-v1 days. We can write an expression that evaluates directly to a class name selected, no custom directives are necessary:

ng:class="{true:'selected', false:''}[$index==selectedIndex]"

Please note the old syntax with colon.

There is also a new better way of applying classes conditionally, like:

ng-class="{selected: $index==selectedIndex}"

Angular now supports expressions that return an object. Each property (name) of this object is now considered as a class name and is applied depending on its value.

However these ways are not functionally equal. Here is an example:

ng-class="{admin:'enabled', moderator:'disabled', '':'hidden'}[user.role]"

We could therefore reuse existing CSS classes by basically mapping a model property to a class name and at the same time keep CSS classes out of Controller code.

What is the best way to conditionally apply a class in AngularJS?

ng-class supports an expression that must evaluate to either

  1. A string of space-delimited class names, or
  2. An array of class names, or
  3. A map/object of class names to boolean values.

So, using form 3) we can simply write

ng-class="{'selected': $index==selectedIndex}"

Update: Angular 1.1.5 has added support for a ternary operator, so if that construct is more familiar to you:

ng-class="($index==selectedIndex) ? 'selected' : ''"

Answer #3:

My favorite method is using the ternary expression.

ng-class="condition ? 'trueClass' : 'falseClass'"

Note: Incase you’re using a older version of Angular you should use this instead,

ng-class="condition && 'trueClass' || 'falseClass'"

Answer #4:

I’ll add to this, because some of these answers seem out of date. Here’s how I do it:

<class="ng-class:isSelected">

Where ‘isSelected’ is a javascript variable defined within the scoped angular controller.


To more specifically address your question, here’s how you might generate a list with that:

HTML

<div ng-controller="ListCtrl">  
    <li class="ng-class:item.isSelected" ng-repeat="item in list">   
       {{item.name}}
    </li>  
</div>

JS

function ListCtrl($scope) {    
    $scope.list = [  
        {"name": "Item 1", "isSelected": "active"},  
        {"name": "Item 2", "isSelected": ""}
    ]
}

What is the best way to conditionally apply a class in AngularJS? Answer #5:

Here is a much simpler solution:

function MyControl($scope){
    $scope.values = ["a","b","c","d","e","f"];
    $scope.selectedIndex = -1;
    
    $scope.toggleSelect = function(ind){
        if( ind === $scope.selectedIndex ){
            $scope.selectedIndex = -1;
        } else{
            $scope.selectedIndex = ind;
        }
    }
    
    $scope.getClass = function(ind){
        if( ind === $scope.selectedIndex ){
            return "selected";
        } else{
            return "";
        }
    }
       
    $scope.getButtonLabel = function(ind){
        if( ind === $scope.selectedIndex ){
            return "Deselect";
        } else{
            return "Select";
        }
    }
}
.selected {
    color:red;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.0.1/angular.min.js"></script>
<div ng-app ng-controller="MyControl">
    <ul>
        <li ng-class="getClass($index)" ng-repeat="value in values" >{{value}} <button ng-click="toggleSelect($index)">{{getButtonLabel($index)}}</button></li>
    </ul>
    <p>Selected: {{selectedIndex}}</p>
</div>

Answer #6:

I faced a similar problem recently and decided to just create a conditional filter:

  angular.module('myFilters', []).
    /**
     * "if" filter
     * Simple filter useful for conditionally applying CSS classes and decouple
     * view from controller 
     */
    filter('if', function() {
      return function(input, value) {
        if (typeof(input) === 'string') {
          input = [input, ''];
        }
        return value? input[0] : input[1];
      };
    });

It takes a single argument, which is either a 2-element array or a string, which gets turned into an array that is appended an empty string as the second element:

<li ng-repeat="item in products | filter:search | orderBy:orderProp |
  page:pageNum:pageLength" ng-class="'opened'|if:isOpen(item)">
  ...
</li>

Answer #7:

The was I recently did that was doing this:

<input type="password"  placeholder="Enter your password"
ng-class="{true: 'form-control isActive', false: 'isNotActive'}[isShowing]">

The isShowing value is a value that is located on my controller that gets toggled with the click of a button and the parts between the single parenthesis are classes I created in my css file.

EDIT: I would also like to add that codeschool.com has a free course that is sponsored by google on AngularJS that goes over all of this stuff and then some. There is no need to pay for anything, just signup for an account and get going! Best of luck to you all!

Hope you learned something from this post.

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